Institutul Național pentru Studierea Holocaustului din România “Elie Wiesel”

Published works

Articles

  1. Ana Bărbulescu, ”Identity Construction and Consonant Memories: the Holocaust or the Exquisiteness of the Dacians?” in Holocaust. Studies and Research, vol. V, nr. 1(6)/ 2013;

Abstract: The study I propose turns toward Holocaust denial from the perspective offered by the sociology of knowledge, depicting our attitude toward the tragedy of the Romanian Jews as part of the process of social construction that characterizes any domain of the social world. Starting from here and according to the approach I propose, any attitude regarding Romania’s participation to the extermination of hundreds of thousands of Jews during the Second World War should by analysed in correlation with the identity model constructed for the Romanian people while this identity model is considered to be strongly determined by the mnemonic narrative we accept as historical truth.

  1. Alexandru Climescu, “Mapping public memory: counterpublics, the state and the Holocaust in Romania” in Holocaust. Studies and Research, vol. V, nr. 1(6)/2013;

Abstract: This study explores the concept of public memory by resorting to the private-public dichotomy as an analytical framework of political theory. Based on empirical evidence regarding the recollection of the Holocaust in Romania, it highlights the strengths and weaknesses of the public-private separation, as conceived by the liberal and public sphere models, with regard to the analysis of competing accounts of the past. Furthermore, drawing on subsequent critiques of the habermasian theory of public sphere, this study discusses the memory work of marginalized publics and their counterdiscourses to the official Holocaust memory.

  1. Michael Shafir, “Unacademic academics: Holocaust deniers and trivializers in post-Communist Romania” in Nationalities Papers: The Journal of Nationalism and Ethnicity, 2014, DOI:10.1080/00905992.2014.939619;

Abstract: The Romanian Academy (and much of the country's historical establishment) is packed with Holocaust deniers and trivializers, many of whom indulge in Holocaust obfuscation against the background of the post-Communist “competitive martyrdom” between the victims of the Holocaust and the Gulag. Quite a few of these deniers and trivializers are also former secret police informers. On closer examination, however, it turns out that explaining the reluctance to face the country's “dark past” as being the independent variable resultant of the post “Romanianization” of the Communist Party and its Securitate is a partial explanation at best. A substantially more convincing one might be provided by scrutinizing the phenomenon as the product of post-mnemonic cultural traumas.

  1. Alexandru Florian, ”The public memory and the traps of the justice acts”, Sfera Politicii no. 180-191, pp. 220-243;

Abstract: In 1953, Radu Dinulescu, former chief of the 2nd Section within the General Staff of the Romanian Army, was convicted to 15 years of forced labor and 10 years of civic degradation. He was found guilty of several counts among which the involvement in the organization of the Iași Pogrom and the deportation of Jews. After several developments  of the legal situation under the incidence of the political, the Supreme Court of Justice  acquited him of war crimes in 1998.

  1. Ana Bărbulescu, ”Târgu-Jiu Camp – Between History and Memory” in Holocaust. Studies and research, vol. VI, no. 1(7)/2014, pp. 9-29;

Abstract: Y.H. Yerushalmi draws attention on the selectiveness that characterizes any mnemonic narrative, emphasizing the fact that certain memories live on while “the rest are winnowed out, repressed or simply discarded by a process of natural selection which the historian, uninvited disturbs and reverse”2 . Although I am not a historian, I will turn toward Târgu-Jiu camp from the perspective of these inconsistencies that seems to exist between history and memory, between the way things happened and the way they are remembered.

  1. Alexandru Climescu, ”Post-transitional injustice. The acquittal of Holocaust perpetrators in post-communist Romania”, Holocaust. Studies and Research, no. 1 (7) / 2014, pp. 145-157;

Abstract: This article examines the trials of two Romanian officers who were convicted for war crimes during the communist regime and, eventually, acquitted by the Supreme Court of Romania during the post-communist period. Our aim is to highlight the factors that made the acquittal decisions possible and evaluate their impact on the Holocaust public memory

  1. Ana Bărbulescu, ”Discovering the Holocaust in our Past: Competing Memories in Post-Communist Romanian Textbooks” in Holocaust Studies: A Journal of Culture and History, 21:3 /2015, pp. 139-156;

Abstract: The article looks at the way the Holocaust of the Romanian Jews has been reconstructed in Romanian history textbooks published since 1989, tracing the inconsistency that seems to exist between history and memory and explaining this inconsistency using Festinger’s theory of cognitive dissonance. The approach is structuralist and regards the memory of the Holocaust as being dependent on the identity narrative acknowledged for the Romanian people. The research, conducted in a qualitative manner, proves that distortion of the historical facts begins to operate when the Romanian people’s identity narrative is placed within the paradigm of a continuous reading of history.

  1. George Voicu, ”Post-communist Romania’s leading public intellectuals and the Holocaust” in Holocaust. Studii și cercetări, no. 1 (8) / 2015;

Abstract: Starting from the premise that the leading Romanian public intellectuals, widely perceived as representing the very intellectual elite of the country, have a major impact on the public opinion, the present study analyzes the positions and attitudes expressed by the latter – in books, articles, interviews, statements, etc. – with regards to the Holocaust. The study finds that there is a strong connection between the many distortions in the public image over the tragedy experienced by Jews during World War 2 and the opinions expressed by the aforementioned intellectuals.

  1. Alexandru Climescu, ”The Holocaust on Trial. Memory and Amnesia in the Case of Romanian War Criminals” in Holocaust. Studii și cercetări, no. 1 (8) / 2015;

Abstract: This study addresses the cases of persons convicted for war crimes after 1945 and acquitted after 1989 by the Romanian judiciary. It will explore the judges’ and prosecutors’ depiction of criminal responsibility, their use of evidence and their knowledge about the Holocaust. The final aim of the article is to explain the factors which made possible these acquittals and to assess their meaning for the relation between justice, history and memory.

  1. Alexandru Florian, ”From Ion Antonescu to the Saints of the Prisons. Extremist symbols in the public space”  in Sfera Politicii, no. 2 (184) / 2015, pp. 66-82;

Abstract: Memory in the public space is represented by symbols and messages with a powerful ideological and historical meaning. Freedom of expression frames a space of competitive memories. The memories of the Second World War or of the Holocaust can be classified as „god” or „bad” according to the degree to which they rewrite the totalitarian and criminal nature of a political life which too often is characterized as „contradictory”.

  1. Michael Shafir, ”Conceptualizing Hungarian negationism in comparative perspective: deflection and obfuscation” in Cahiers d'Études Hongroises et Finlandaises, L’Europe à contre-pied: idéologie populiste et extrémisme de droite en Europe centrale et orientale, 20/2014, L’Harmattan. (published in 2015);

Abstract: Avec l’article de Michael Shafir, nous touchons au cas du populisme au pouvoir avec une de ses hypostases les plus remarquables, l’inévitable Hongrie et son Premier ministre électoralement plébiscité, Viktor Orbán. L’auteur fait ici le point sur le discret antisémitisme officiel au sein de nombreuses opinions et administrations de la région consistant à les dédouaner de toute culpabilité dans le génocide juif par la mise en balance avec la participation de certains membres des minorités juives, surtout après 1945, à l’appareil répressif stalinien. Là encore, l’européanisation forcée en la matière a joué le rôle contraire de mémoire imposée, de repoussoir et d’obstacle à surmonter. En filigrane de cet article apparaît la persistance structurante du juif pour la construction des nationalismes de la région

  1. Alexandru Florian, ”Memoria publică a Holocaustului in postcomunism” in Polis, vol IV, nr. 1 (11) / 2016.

Abstract: Just after 1989, the public space became, naturally, opened for the pluralistic expression of social and political messages. The official public discourse of the national-communist state is being gradually replaced with a variety of legitimizing messages. The new democratic state undertakes hesitating steps in its endeavour to redefine the public symbols. The newly emerged social and political actors are also taking part in redesigning the public space. New messages, recuperative messages and identity narratives coexist, contrast one another and produce a heterogeneous aggregation of civic values. Sometimes, the situations have aberrant results.

 

Published chapters
 
Ana Bǎrbulescu, Laura Degeratu, Cosmina Guşu, ”The Holocaust as Reflected in Communist and Post-Communist Romanian Textbooks” in Doyle Stevick, Deborah Michaels (eds.), Holocaust Education. Promise, Practice and Potential, New York: Routledge, 2016 (ISBN 978-1-13-811986-4).
 
Until August 23, 1944 Romania was a loyal ally of Nazi Germany and an active participant in the process of solving the Jewish problem. During these years between 180000 and 300000 Jewish men, women and children were killed or died by illness, hunger and/or cold in the territories found under Romanian authority. After 1948 the communist regime was established in Romania and for the next 50 years the Holocaust became a taboo topic: nothing happened to the Romanian Jews during the war and we even forget that not so long ago in our past, almost 800000 Jews were our neighbors and co-citizens. Starting from here and given the silence of our textbooks during the communist era, we were interested to reconstruct different models of remembering the Holocaust in post-communist Romanian textbooks our findings demonstrating the existence of six different models of recollecting this terrible event. The analysis was focused on the Romanian History textbooks edited before and after 1989 while the methodological approach was a qualitative one.
 
 
 Articles pending publication
 
  1. Adina Babeș, ”Holocaust experiences through survivors’ eyes”,  in Holocaust. Studies and Research, no. 1 (9) / 2016
Abstract: This paper investigates the survivors’ personal narratives as sources for the study and research of the Holocaust in Romania. I am interested in reviewing those documentary sources, the subjects they refer to and how these subjects are discussed and introduced to the public. I place this research in the theoretical framework of ‘collective memory’, being interested in bringing to the reader the manner in which these personal narratives could contribute to building the memory of the Holocaust in Romania. My study is placed in the context of historical research with a qualitative methodology of the social sciences approach. The personal narratives of Holocaust survivors are the primary sources of this research, and the analysis focuses on the message and the sender.
  1. Laura Degeratu, ”Reconstructing the Memory of the Holocaust in Romania through film” in Holocaust. Studies and Research, no. 1 (9) / 2016, pending publication.
Abstract: : The current study regards films as a powerful vector of memory and aims to identify if and how are represented the main events in the history of the Holocaust in Romania in movies produced in the post-communist period or aired on Romanian televisions. Starting from the above mentioned enquiry, my aim is twofold: on one hand I am interested to identify how is the Holocaust remembered in the Romanian filmography? What is the status ascribed to the victim, perpetrator and bystander? Do we have a throughout description of these categories or some of them are eluded while others are described in a distorted manner? Where the responsibility lays, and how is constructed in these films the relation between the Romanian authorities and the German ally?
 
 
Chapters pending publication
  1. Ana Bărbulescu, ”Ethnocentric Mindscapes and Mnemonic Myopia” in Alexandru Florian (ed.), Holocaust Public Memory in Post-Communist Romania, Indiana University Press;
  2. George Voicu,  ”Post-Communist Romania’s Leading Public Intellectuals and the Holocaust” in Alexandru Florian (ed.), Holocaust Public Memory in Post-Communist Romania, Indiana University Press;
  3. Marius Cazan, ”Ion Antonescu’s Image in Post-Communist Historiography” in Alexandru Florian (ed.), Holocaust Public Memory in Post-Communist Romania, Indiana University Press;
  4. Ana Bǎrbulescu, Laura Degeratu, Cosmina Guşu, ”The Holocaust as Reflected in Communist and Post-Communist Romanian Textbooks” in Doyle Stevick, Deborah Michaels (eds.), Holocaust Education. Promise, Practice and Potential, New York: Routledge, 2016 (ISBN 978-1-13-811986-4);
  5. Adina Babeș, ”Rethinking Victims, Perpetrators, Bystanders and Rescuers: A Case Study on Students’ Perception” in Alexandru Florian (ed.), Holocaust Public Memory in Post-Communist Romania, Indiana University Press, pending publication;
  6. Alexandru Climescu, ”Law, Justice and Holocaust Memory in Romania” in Alexandru Florian (ed.), Holocaust Public Memory in Post-Communist Romania, Indiana University Press;
  7. Simon Geissbühler, ”`Wanting-not-to-Know` about the Holocaust in Romania: A Wind of Change?” in Alexandru Florian (ed.), Holocaust Public Memory in Post-Communist Romania, Indiana University Press;
  8. Michael Shafir, ”Romania: Neither `Fleishig` nor `Milchig`” in Alexandru Florian (ed.), Holocaust Public Memory in Post-Communist Romania, Indiana University Press;
  9. Alexandru Florian, ”Mircea Vulcănescu, Member of Ion Antonescu Government – A Controversial Case?” in Alexandru Florian (ed.), Holocaust Public Memory in Post-Communist Romania, Indiana University Press.

 

Conferences

  1. Alexandru Florian, “Good” memory, “bad” memory. How the collective memory of the Holocaust is reflected on the public space, “Right-wing extremism in Romania and Europe”, organized on 10.10.2013 by the Friedrich Ebert Foundation, the ”Elie Wiesel” National Institute for the Study of the Holocaust in Romania and the National School for Political Science and Public Administration;
  2. Alexandru Climescu, Confrontation between past and present: alternative memories of the Holocaust in Romania, “Education for the future through the understanding of the pas. Teaching teacher trainers in Holocaust history”, organized by United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, US Embassy,  the ”Elie Wiesel” National Institute for the Study of the Holocaust in Romania and the Ministry of Education between 11-15.11.2013 at Cluj-Napoca;
  3. Michael Shafir, Post-communist counter-memories, “The 13th EASA Biennial Conference - Collaboration, Intimacy & Revolution - innovation and continuity in an interconnected world”, organized by EASA and the Department of Social and Cultural Anthropology, Estonian Institute of Humanities, Tallinn University, Talinn, 31st July – 3rd August 2014;
  4. Alexandru Climescu, Perceptions of the Holocaust in Northern Transylvania and the Territories controlled by the Romanian State, “70 Years since the Holocaust of Jews from Northern Transylvania”, Babeș-Bolyai University, Faculty of European Studies, INSHR-EW, The Romanian Academy – Cluj-Napoca Branch, 26-27 May 2014;
  5. Ana Bărbulescu,  The Holocaust as Reflected in Romanian Post-Communist Textbooks: Competitive Identities and Dangerous Memories,  „Xth Congress of the European Association for the Jewish Studies” (EAJS 2014, www.eajscongress2014.com). The Congress was hosted by École Normale Supériore/ Sorbonne, École des Hautes Études, Paris (20-24 july 2014);
  6. Michael Shafir, Post-communist counter-memories, “The 13th EASA Biennial Conference - Collaboration, Intimacy & Revolution - innovation and continuity in an interconnected world”, organized by EASA and the Department of Social and Cultural Anthropology, Estonian Institute of Humanities, Tallinn University, Talinn, 31st July – 3rd August 2014;
  7. Alexandru Florian, Roma's Tragedy in Transnistria and the Public Memory of the Holocaust in Post-communism within the conference “Porajmos” / “Samudaripen” and Collective Memory in Twentieth-Century Southeastern Europe, „Lucian Blaga”  University of Sibiu, 26-27 February 2015;
  8. Alexandru Climescu, Representations of Romanian Holocaust Perpetrators: Historical vs. Judicial Truths, within the conference “The Holocaust in Southeastern Europe”, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum and INSHR-EW, 25-26 May, 2015, Bucharest;
  9. Ana Bărbulescu, The Holocaust as Reflected in Romanian Post-Communist Textbooks: Competitive Identities and Dangerous Memories within the International Congress organized by the Society for Romanian Studies (SRS), Bucharest, 17-19 June 2015;
  10. Alexandru Climescu, The Legal Treatment of the Holocaust in Romania  within “Porajmos” / “Samudaripen” and Collective Memory in Twentieth-Century Southeastern Europe„Lucian Blaga”  University of Sibiu, 26-27 February 2015;
  11. Michael Shafir, Romania: Neither fish, nor fowl within „Holocaust Memorial Days in the EU. The challenges of commemoration in the 21st century”, Memorialle dela Shoah, Milano, 13-14 April, 2015;
  12. Alexandru Climescu,  Crimes of war in times of peace: the acqquittal of Holocaust perpetrators by the post-communist judiciary, Bucharest, 26 Januray, 2016;
  13. Adina Babeș, Rethinking Victims, Perpetrators, Bystanders and Rescuers: A Case Study on Students’ Perception, at American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, ‘Great Transformations: Political Science and the Big Questions of Our Time’, 1-4 September, Philadelphia, USA;
  14. Alexandru Florian,  La compétition des mémoires de la Shoah dans l’espace publique roumain, ”La mémoire de la Shoah dans l'espace public roumain et français”, organized by the Romanian Cultural Institute, Paris, 25 May, 2016;

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Termeni si conditii de utilizare a siteului www.inshr-ew.ro

 

Acceptarea conditiilor

www.inshr-ew.ro este site-ul oficial al Institutului National pentru Studierea Holocaustului din Romania „Elie Wiesel” (denumit in continuare "INSHR-EW") pentru asigurarea unei mai mari transparente si o mai buna intelegere a activitatilor INSHR-EW.

Utilizarea site-ului www.inshr-ew.ro (denumit in continuare « site ») presupune acceptarea in totalitate a termenilor si conditiilor expuse mai jos.

Termenii si conditiile pot fi modificate in orice moment de catre administratorul site-ului, denumit in continuare « Administrator », fara notificarea prealabila a persoanelor care il utilizeaza, denumite in continuare « Utilizatori ».

Utilizatorii vor avea acces permanent la termenii si conditiile pentru utilizarea serviciilor pentru a le putea consulta in orice moment.

Accesand si navigand pe acest site, Utilizatorii accepta implicit, termenii de utilizare descrisi in continuare. In cazul in care nu sunt de acord cu termenii si conditiile impuse, Utilizatorii trebuie sa inceteze accesarea acestui serviciu.

 

Descrierea serviciilor

Prin intermediul sectiunilor sale, site-ul www.inshr-ew.ro ofera Utilizatorilor informatii cu privire la activitatea Institutului National pentru Studierea Holocaustului din Romania „Elie Wiesel”: activitati de cercetare privind Holocaustul din Romania, programe cultural-educative si de conservare a memoriei Holocaustului.

Ce este un serviciu electronic ?

In cadrul siteului www.inshr-ew.ro, un serviciu electronic reprezinta o resursa oferita prin Internet cu scopul de a imbunatati procesul de comunicare dintre cetateni si INSHR-EW.

Exista doua tipuri de servicii electronice oferite de www.inshr-ew.ro:

•         servicii de informare, care asigura cetatenilor, presei sau altor factori interesati acces usor si eficient la informatii, facilitand consultarea documentelor emise de catre Institutul National pentru Studierea Holocaustului din Romania „Elie Wiesel” ;

•         servicii de comunicare interactiva („Contact”) care permit un mai bun contact cu cetatenii, cu societatea civila si cu alti factori interesati, folosind mecanisme de tip feedback, cu scopul de a imbunatati serviciile si activitatile Institutul National pentru Studierea Holocaustului din Romania „Elie Wiesel”.

 

Neangajarea raspunderii

INSHR-EW intretine acest site pentru a inlesni accesul public la informatii privind activitatile sale. Administratorul depune eforturi pentru ca aceste informatii sa fie corecte si oferite la timp. La semnalarea eventualelor erori, Administratorul va incerca in cel mai scurt timp, corectarea acestora.

Informatia oferita:

•         este exclusiv de natura generala;

•         nu este in mod obligatoriu atotcuprinzatoare, completa, corecta sau actualizata;

•         poate contine legaturi web spre alte site-uri aspura continutului carora INSHR-EW nu detine nici un control si pentru care nu isi asuma nici o responsabilitate.

Un document disponibil pe site nu reproduce in mod obligatoriu textul unui document oficial.

Numai documentele si actele normative publicate pe hartie de catre organele abilitate sunt considerate autentice.

Administratorul nu isi asuma nici o raspundere in cazul in care anumite informatii sunt furnizate cu intarziere, sunt pierdute, sterse sau nu pot fi stocate pe serverele noastre din orice motive.

De asemenea, nu isi asuma nici o raspundere pentru consecintele care pot aparea datorita intarzierii, pierderii sau inexactitatii informatiilor publicate sau existente pe site.

Utilizatorii vor folosi informatiile furnizate in cadrul site-ului pe propria raspundere, iar in cazul unei daune generate de utilizarea serviciilor sau informatiilor furnizate, Utilizatorii accepta ca Administratorul va fi absolvit de orice raspundere.

Notiunea de neangajare a raspunderii nu se rasfrange si asupra obligatiei INSHR-EW de a respecta legislatia in vigoare si nu poate exclude obligatiile INSHR-EW impuse de lege.

 

Reguli generale

Administratorul siteului declara urmatoarele:

•         va depune toate eforturile rezonabile pentru realizarea scopului siteului;

•         va depune toate eforturile (din punct de vedere tehnic sau de alta natura) pentru functionarea in bune conditii a siteului; cu toate acestea, pot exista intreruperi in functionare, sau imposibilitati de accesare de catre Utilizatori, pe o perioada nedeterminata de timp, din orice motive;

•         pe masura aparitiei unor situatii noi de orice natura ce impun acest lucru, Administratorul poate modifica conditiile si termenii de utilizare.

Este posibil ca site-ul web sau informatiile afisate sa contina link-uri catre alte site-uri sau/si formulare sau servicii gestionate de terte persoane.

Prezenta Politica de Confidentialitate nu include practicile si politicile acestor terte persoane relationate cu serviciile sau site-urile respective. INSHR-EW nu controleaza site-urile respective si/sau formularele tertelor persoane. Utilizatorul va trebui sa consulte si sa verifice politica de confidentialitate a acelor site-uri/servicii, inainte de a le accesa sau utiliza.

In general, datele solicitate prin intermediul formularelor disponibile pe site sunt obligatorii si necesare pentru ca utilizatorul sa poata accesa si/sau utiliza serviciile la care se refera formularul in cauza ca de exemplu,  pentru solutionarea  cererilor, petitiilor, sugestiilor si a reclamatiilor, inclusiv prin intermediul unor terte persoane juridice.  Formularul poate indica, dupa caz, doar unele date ca fiind optionale.

In cazul in care nu sunt furnizate toate datele considerate ca obligatorii si necesare, INSHR-EW va putea, in anumite cazuri, sa suspende accesul la utilizarea serviciului in cauza sau sa nu dea curs solicitarii neconforme realizate de catre Utilizator.

Contact

  • Adresa: Bucureşti, Bulevardul Dacia, nr. 89, sector 2, cod postal 020052
  • Telefon/Fax: +40-21-318 09 39
  • E-mail: office@inshr-ew.ro